Devereux, Devericks, and Devereaux Genealogy
A Brief History of the Devereux Name and Family
The family name Devereux (pronounced Deverooks) arose in Normandy, France around 980 AD. It originally was a contraction of the French "de Evreux" which became D'Evreux, and translates to "of Evreux." Evreux is a city located in the Eure, a region of Normandy, and on the road to Paris. The name was first applied to Robert, 2nd son of Richard the Fearless (4th Duke of Normandy). Robert was created the Archbishop of Rouen at a young age, which required his parents to officially marry to establish his legitimacy. Robert then gained the additional title of Comte (Earl) of Evreux. His descendants would bear the surname of D'Evreux which eventually evolved to Devereux and its later variations.
The Devereux family passed to England with the Norman conquest. The elder line retained the title of Earl of Evreux for the next 100 years until the male line failed. The younger line settled on the Welsh border where its descendants remain to this day.
The Welsh border Devereux's settled at Lyonshall and Bodenham, and over the years gave rise to the Viscounts of Hereford, Earls of Essex, Barons of Whitechurch Maund/Bodenham, Lords of Lower Hayton, and others. This line is also thought to have given rise to the Irish Devereux's by participating in the Norman invasion around 1200, and giving rise to the Lords of Balmagir in Wexford County.
When the Devereux family was evicted from Normandy, their lands were given to a relative of the French king and gave rise to a second and smaller Devereaux family centered upon France. A Jewish family also bore the name of Devereux and settled on the Welsh borders at the same time as the conquest. Their primary ancestor was a Jewish scholar, Moses D'Evreux.
The Devereux Family in America
Arrival of the Devereux surname in colonial America originally was centered on regional immigration events.
A John Devereux was on the Winthrop Fleet and gave rise to a New England branch in Massachusetts and areas north.
Another Jonathan Devereaux arrived shortly after in Connecticut and gave rise to a branch that spread out through New York and the Northwest Territories.
Yet another John Devericks arrived around 1650 at Jamestown, and gave rise to a branch spreading through Maryland, Virginia, and Missouri.
A Charles Devereaux came to Southern Virginia and gave rise to a branch in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Texas.
This was later complicated as the country grew and people moved about, but the greatest confusion came with a later influx of Irish Devereaux's that settled across all boundaries, and several Eastern European families that anglicized their name to Devereux,