The Jewish Community of Evreux and Herefordshire

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Herefordshire, 1236 AD

D. 1168. (1.) Star by Samson son of Mosseus, and Osaye son of master Eleasaph, for his sister Belasea, undertaking to make no claim against Stephen de Wygornia the abbot, and the convent, of Dore, with regard to certain land, with a meadow, which they bought from Henry le Franceys of Kyngeston, who owes a debt to the said Samson and Osaye. [Henry III.]

Underwritten: 'Hoc est q[uo]d superius sc[r]iptum est in Hebreo.' Slip torn away.

(2.) Star by Mosseus de Evereus, acknowledging that Stephen, the abbot, and the monks, of Dore are quit of the said Mosseus and his heirs of all claims for debts, as regards the land and meadow which they bought from Henry de Kyngeston. Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, 25th year of the coronation of Henry III.

Underwritten as above, with slip attached written in Hebrew.

From: 'Deeds: D.1101 - D.1200', A Descriptive Catalogue of Ancient Deeds: Volume 3 (1900), pp. 536-548. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=64366&strquery=evereus Date accessed: 09 December 2010.

The following is copied from Wikipedia for context of the above:

In the Middle Ages, Évreux was one of the centres of Jewish learning, and its scholars are quoted in the medieval notes to the Talmud called the Tosafot. The following rabbis are known to have lived at Évreux: Samuel ben Shneor, praised by his student Isaac of Corbeil as the "Prince of Évreux", one of the most celebrated tosafists; Moses of Évreux, brother of Samuel, author of the Tosafot of Évreux; Isaac of Évreux; Judah ben Shneor, or Judah the Elder, author of liturgical poems; Meïr ben Shneor; Samuel ben Judah; Nathan ben Jacob, father of Jacob ben Nathan, who in 1357 copied the five Megillot with the Targum for Moses ben Samuel.

Moses of Évreux was a French tosafist, and author of a siddur, who flourished at Évreux in Normandy in the first half of the thirteenth century, and was the older brother and teacher of the tosafist Samuel of Évreux.Gross identifies him with Moses ben Shneor, the teacher of the author of Sefer ha-Gan, a commentary on the Pentateuch. Others have generally supposed to him to be the son of Yom-Tov, referred to in

Elijah Mizrahi's responsa (No. 82).

The Tosafot of Évreux, much used by tosafists, was his work. He is quoted in the tosafot on Berakot, and his name is frequently written. His tosafot are called also Shittah of Évreux. Moses wrote his tosafot on the margin of a copy of Isaac Alfasi, whose authority he invoked.Samuel of Évreux was a French tosafist of the thirteenth century, the younger brother and student of Moses of Évreux, author of the tosafot of Évreux. He is identified by Gross with Samuel ben Shneor (not ben Yom-Tov, as given by Zunz in Z. G. p. 38), whose explanations of Nazir are cited by Solomon ben Adret, and whose authority is invoked by Jonah Gerondi.

Samuel directed a rabbinical school at Château-Thierry, and had for disciples R. Hayyim (brother of Asher ben Jehiel of Toledo), R. Perez, and R. Isaac of Corbeil. He carried on a correspondence on scientific subjects with Jehiel of Paris and with Nathaniel the Elder. Samuel's Talmudic interpretations are often quoted in the Tosafot. From the fact that the author of the tosafot to Sotah mentions there the name of Moses of Évreux as being his brother, it is inferred that these tosafot were written by Samuel.